Kamis, 28 Oktober 2010

Pangasiidae Series #21

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS NASUTUS / Bleeker, 1863





Ciri khusus ikan Patin jenis ini mempunyai ekor yang tipis runcing. Ikan Patin ini tergolong predator terhadap ikan-ikan lain. Berbeda dengan jenis patin-patin lain yang lebih bersifat herbivora dan omnivora.


Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)

Environment
Benthopelagic; freshwater

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Asia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7 - 7; Anal soft rays: 26 - 30

Biology :
Occurs in medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975) and lakes (Ref. 56749). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 56749).



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Pangasiidae Series #20

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS MAHAKAMENSIS / Pouyaud, Gustiano & Teugels 2002



Ikan Patin Sungai Mahakam di kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara ini oleh penduduk setempat disebut Ikan Patin Kuning atau Patin Pulutan. Untuk saat ini rekor tangkapan terberat jenis ikan ini seberat 31 kg yang di tangkap oleh Aji Rijani dari Tenggarong Seberang.
Ikan ini mengeluarkan lendir yang berasal dari sumber kelenjar yang terletak di belakang kedua pantingnya.

Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 18.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 46915)

Environment
Benthopelagic; freshwater; brackish

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Asia: endemic to East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7 - 7; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 27 - 32. Short caudal peduncle (14-16.7% SL). Large eye diameter (22.8-29.4% HL). Short mandibulary barbel (19.6-45.8% HL). Short predorsal length (30.1-32.7% SL) (Ref. 46915).

Biology :
Small specimens (smaller than 15 cm) were collected in brackish water in the river delta, while larger ones were found in the upper part. No vegetation were found at the banks, relatively strong current, deep and turbid water. An omnivorous fish, feeding mainly on insects and small fruits. Spawning periods unknown (Ref. 46915).


fishbase.org
ikansungaimahakam.blogspot.com

Senin, 25 Oktober 2010

Pangasiidae Series #19

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS PANGASIUS / Hamilton, 1822






Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 300 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2686)

Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 63 - ? cm

Environment
Benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); freshwater; brackish; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 25; depth range 50 - ? m (Ref. 4833)

Climate / Range
Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 2059); 35°N - 8°N

Distribution
Asia: large rivers of Indian subcontinent and Myanmar (Ganges, Krishna?, Godavari, Irrawaddy). Widely introduced in its geographical range for aquaculture. Reports from Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia are based on misidentifications.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7 - 7; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 29 - 32. Eye small, its diameter more than 7 times in head length (in 18 cm long specimens); bright yellow caudal fin in adults; maxillary barbel extends to gill aperture; 23-28 gill rakers on first arch (Ref. 12693).

Biology :
Found in large rivers and estuaries (Ref. 4833). Occurs in high estuary (freshwater tidal zone) as juveniles, moving to brackish water as sub-adults, and finally as adults to river mouths and inshore areas (Ref. 12693). Longevity given as 10 years (Ref. 2686) but appears too low. Feeds on snails, other mollusks (Ref. 1479) and plants (Ref. 4833). Reared for consumption in Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam; excellent food fish with very white fine grained sweet flesh (Ref 2686). Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693).

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Pangasiidae Series #18

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS (helicophagus) LEPTORHYNCHUS / Ng & Kottelat, 2000









Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae
Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 47.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43281)

Environment
Demersal; freshwater

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Asia: Chao Phraya and Mekong River drainages in Indochina.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6 - 7; Anal soft rays: 35 - 42; Vertebrae: 46 - 48. Can be differentiated from all its congeners by the following combination of characters: length of anal-fin base 34.5-38.2% SL, length of caudal peduncle 12.9-15.3% SL, head length 20.8-22.8% SL, eye diameter 16.1-21.2% HL, 9-12 gill rakers on the first branchial arch (Ref. 39387). Snout relatively elongate, conical in dorsal view; mouth narrow, with 20-25 times in SL; posterior nostril midway between anterior nostril and eye (Ref. 43281).

Biology :
Occurs in permanent river channels and does not move into flooded areas. Migrates upstream when water levels begin to rise at the beginning of the flood season and moves downstream as the water clears at the end of the flood season. Feeds predominantly on bivalves.


Size (cm): 52 TL
Locality: Thailand Chiang Mai
Sex/Stage:
Date: 2009-02-26
Reference:
Remark: weight: 1.58kg; girth: 36cm
Entered: Helias, Jean-Francois - 15.07.09


www.fishbase.org

Pangasiidae Series #17

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS (helicophagus) WAANDERSII / Bleeker, 1858












Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37771)

Environment
Demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); freshwater

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins; also from Sumatra, Indonesia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7 - 7; Anal soft rays: 37 - 40

Biology :
Occurs in medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). The stomachs of the specimens examined were more or less filled with mollusks, usually bivalves (Ref. 7432). Enters flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Migrates upstream when water levels begin to rise at the beginning of the flood season and moves downstream as water clears at the end of the flood season. Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693).


www.fishbase.org

Pangasiidae Series #16

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS (pseudolais) PLEUROTAENIA / Sauvage, 1878


Pangasius (pseudolais) Pleurotaenia



Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)

Environment
Benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); freshwater; brackish

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya, Meklong and Tapi basins.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description :
Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7 - 7; Anal soft rays: 39 - 46. Abdomen with a well-developed median keel extending from throat to origin of anal fin. Dorsal fin advanced in position, with a strongly serrated spine; pectoral spines as long as or slightly longer than dorsal spine, strong, denticulated along their inner edge; pelvic fins small; anal fin low, long; adipose fin very small (Ref. 4792). Single, oval-shaped patch of teeth on each side of palate; eye large (Ref. 12693).

Biology :
Occur in large and medium-sized rivers (Ref. 12693). Found in rapids and in deeper slower reaches (Ref. 37771). Common in the middle Mekong before the flood season where it is found in the lower reaches of tributary streams along with most of the cyprinids which would be found in the main stream of the Mekong when the water is clear. Feeds on terrestrial and aquatic insects along with small amounts of plant matter. Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693).

Pangasiidae Series #15

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS (Pseudolais) MICRONEMUS / Bleeker, 1847


Pangasius (Pseudolais) Micronemus



Ikan Patin jenis ini masih banyak terdapat di pedalaman sungai-sungai Kalimantan, juga terdapat di sungai-sungai Sumatera dan Jawa, seperti di Bengawan Solo bagian hilir. Di Jawa , orang menamakan ikan patin ini, dengan nama ikan Jendil atau Wagal. Ukuran tubuh patin jenis ini lebih kecil di banding dengan ikan Patin yang lain. Ukuran maksimal ikan ini maksimal mencapai panjang 40 cm. Sedangkan yang biasa tertangkap pemancing biasanya berukuran sekitar antara 20 - 30-an cm untuk ukuran ikan dewasa.

Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae
Synonyms
Common names

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 100.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)

Environment
Benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); freshwater

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution :
Asia: Mekong basin, Hue River, the Malay Peninsula and Indonesia, including Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Particularly widely distributed in Borneo (Kapuas, Mahakam, Rejang and Kinabatangan).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description :
Anal soft rays: 28 - 38. Eye large, its diameter 4-5 times in head length (in 18 cm long specimens); dark grey caudal fin; maxillary barbel rarely extends past eye and never past preopercle (Ref. 12693). Vomero-palatine teeth in 4 more or less ovoid patches; truncate snout; lower jaw with angular outline rather than rounded; very short humeral process (Ref. 43281).

Biology :
Found in large and medium-sized rivers, Omnivorous, feeding on animal and plant matter including detritus. Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693).

Pangasiidae Series #14

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS HUMERALIS / Roberts, 1989


Jenis Patin yang di perkirakan sudah punah.
Date of Pict : 1 August 1976


Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 38.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)

Environment
Benthopelagic; freshwater

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Asia: Known only from the Kapuas basin of western Borneo.

Size (cm): 38.9 SL
Locality: Indonesia Kapuas River Kalimantan Barat
Sex/Stage:
Date: 1976-08-01
Reference: Roberts, T.R. 1989 The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p.
Remark: Fish market at Sintang; paratype; 19 July - 1 Aug. 1976; RMNH 28903
Entered: Roberts, Tyson R. - 19.09.97


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Pangasiidae Series #13

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS POLYURANODON /Bleeker, 1852


Pangasius Polyuranodon




Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 80.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 46915)

Environment
Benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); freshwater; brackish

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Asia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6 - 8; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 33 - 43. Body somewhat elongated with short predorsal length (25.2-29.2% SL); a long caudal peduncle (17.2-21.8% SL); short head length (16.1-20.1% SL); and, short mandibular barbels (length 11.7-42.2% HL). Swim bladder 3-chambered, extending to above anal-fin base (Ref. 46915). Dorsum dark blue to blue-black; 3-4 lowermost principal caudal rays white; vomerine teeth appearing as 2 joined patches in juveniles (Ref. 12693); vomerine teeth united into quadrangular patch, 1.5 times broader than long, not confluent with palatine teeth patch; anal fin base elongate, its length 3.1-3.6 times in SL; dorsal and pectoral fin spines slender; snout blunt (Ref. 43281).

Bilology :
Found in lakes and rivers (Ref. 56749). Occurs in estuaries and lower reaches but has also been observed in the upper reaches during the rainy season. Species is omnivorous with a tendency to opportunism (Ref. 46915).

http://www.fishbase.org/identification/specieslist.cfm?famcode=134&areacode=&spines=&fins=

Minggu, 24 Oktober 2010

Pangasiidae Series #12

MACAM DAN JENIS SPECIES IKAN PATIN

PANGASIUS LARNAUDII /Bocourt, 1866


Pangasius Larnaudii










Classification
Actinopterygii | Siluriformes | Pangasiidae

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 130 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857); max. published weight: 4,620 g (Ref. 72380)

Environment
Benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); freshwater

Climate / Range
Tropical; 20°N - 10°N

Distribution
Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description:
Anal soft rays: 28 - 32. A large black spot above the base of the pectoral fin and a black longitudinal stripe along each caudal lobe (Ref. 27732). Dorsal and pectoral fins with a strong spine and a long, filamentous rays (Ref. 4792). With 13-17 gill rakers in first arch (Ref. 12693).

Biology :
Occurs in medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Inhabits deep pools in the river (Ref. 37770). Found in rapids and riffle (Ref. 37771). Enters flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Artificially reared fry of 3.5 mm at 12 hrs., 8.4 mm at 4 days, 8.8 mm at 8 days and 23 mm at 18 days. Larval teeth present in 12 hr and 4 day larvae. Feeds on shrimps, small fishes, gastropods and plants (Ref. 6459). Migrates into floodplains and spawns at the beginning of the flood season (Ref. 12693).


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